Aurangabad is a city in the state of Maharashtra representing the arts, culture and commerce. The city hails its name from Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb since 16th century. The literal meaning of Aurangabad is – “Built by the Throne”. The original name of Aurangabad was Khadki (Window), founded in 1610 by Malik Ambar. When Fateh Khan, Malik Ambar’s son turned successor in 1626, he gave city the name ‘Fatehpur’ which was later changed by Aurangzeb. The city towers about 52 gates (darwazas) most of them built by Aurangzeb. Out of which very few are in good condition. Thus sometimes city is refereed as lovely city of GATES.
Today Aurangabad is a lively city of Maharashtra with various big and small industries, fine silken textiles, and wonderful hand woven brocades of silver and gold fabrics, Himroo of world frame, mishroo shawls and paithani.Proximity with world heritage sites Ajanta and Ellora makes it more popular.
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Ajanta caves in Aurangabad are about 30 rock cut Buddhist cave monuments which dates back from the 2nd century BC. There are 30 caves in Ajanta of which 9, 10, 19, 26 and 29 are chaitya-grihas and the rest are monasteries. All Paintings on the wall shows religious influence and centers on the life of Gautam Buddha.
Some pictures recall the Greek and Roman compositions and proportions, few late resemble to Chinese manners to some extent. But majority belongs to a phase, which is purely Indian, as they are found nowhere else.
Ellora is situated at 29 km north-west of the city of Aurangabad .Ellora caves are an impressive complex of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cave temples built between 6th and 10th Centuries AD. The coexistence of structures from three different religions serve as a splendid visual representation of the prevalent religious tolerance of India. There are 34 caves in all: 12 Buddhist caves (500-750 AD), 17 Hindu caves (600-870 AD) and 5 Jain caves (800-1000 AD). The caves are numbered roughly chronologically, starting with the oldest Buddhist caves at the south end.
Grishneshwar Temple is a very revered temple , half a kilometer from Ellora caves. The temple, built of red rocks, is composed of a five tier shikara, the temple is 240 x 185 feet tall. The temple, with exquisitely sculpted walls, was restored in 18thcentury under the patronage of late Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar, one of the rulers of the erstwhile state of Indore. It is one of the 12 jyotirlinga shrines mentioned in Shiv Purana. Grishneshwar is believed as last or 12th Jyotirlinga on the earth.
Bibi ka Maqbara
“the Lady’s tomb” identical to Taj Mahal stands in Aurangabad – and it is lovingly called the Mini Taj of Deccan. It was built by Azam Shah, son of Aurangzeb in 1678 in loving memory of his mother Dilras Banu Begum. It is the principal monument of Aurangabad and its historic city.
On close encounter, however, one realizes that while the Taj is pure white with the coolness and smoothness of Rajasthan marble, the walls of the Maqbara are little dusky by contrast. They lack the sheen of marble.
It is an architectural wonder with intricate designs, carved motifs, imposing structure and beautifully landscaped Moghal-style garden.
Annual mean temperatures in Aurangabad range from 17 to 33 °C, with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter – October to February. The highest maximum temperature ever recorded was 46 °C (114 °F) on 25 May 1905. The lowest recorded temperature was 2 °C (36 °F) on 2 February 1911. In the cold season, the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2 °C to 4 °C (35.6 °F to 39.2 °F).
CLIMATE IN AURANGABAD
Summer Season In Aurangabad
The summer season sets in during the month of March and lasts till the month of May. During this period, the temperature of the city generally varies from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 31°C. So, the travelers usually avoid visiting the place during summers.
Monsoon Season In Aurangabad
Monsoon is also a nice time to visit the city of Aurangabad as the temperature remains nearly 35°C during this time. The monsoon rains generally start in July and last till the end of September. If visiting during the monsoon, rain gear is an absolute necessity.
Winter Season In Aurangabad
Winters start in November and last till February. Aurangabad remains chilly as the temperature often drops down to 10°C. Most tourists visit Aurangabad in winters.