The major metropolis of the South,Chennai- Known as Madras until 1996 – is India’s fourth largest city, home to over six million inhabitants.Madras or Chennai was established in 1639. On Aug 22nd, 1639 when Francis Day and Andrew Cogan, two representatives of East India Company built a trade on the land that was granted to them.The city today is a curious mixture.While it retains the legacy of the British Raj, and is,in some ways, a conservative bastion in social and religious matters,it is also the bollywood of South India.Now one of the South’s booming software and call-centre hubs(rivalling Bengaluru and Hyderabad), the center is sprouting glossy new high-rise buildings and shopping malls, patrnoised by the city’s middle class.Dravidian architectural characteristics can be found in each and every stem and cell of the city of Chennai. A succinct overview of Chennai will trace out some temples and churches of eternal beauty. However, nature has not hesitated to pour the best of it in the city of Chennai.
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Chennai Port, formerly known as Madras Port, is the second largest port of India, behind the Nhava Sheva Port, and the largest port in the Bay of Bengal. It is the third oldest port among the 12 major ports of India with official port operations beginning in 1881, although maritime trade started much earlier in 1639 on the undeveloped shore. It is an artificial and all-weather port with wet docks. Once a major travel port, it become a major container port in the post-Independence era. The port remains a primary reason for the economic growth of Tamil Nadu, especially for the manufacturing boom in South India, and has contributed greatly to the development of the city. It is due of the existence of the port that the city of Chennai eventually became known as the Gateway of South India.
Located near the Chennai Centrail railway station , the Ripon building is an all-white structure . Commissioned in the year 1913, Ripon Building was designed by G.S.T. Harris. It was built by Loganatha Mudaliar, and took four years to build at a cost of INR 750,000, including a sum of INR 550,000 paid to Mudaliar. The Ripon building was named after Lord Ripon, Governor-General of British India and the Father of local self-government. It is a fine example of the Neoclassical style of architecture, a combination of Gothic, Ionic and Corinthian.
Marina Beach is a natural urban beach in the city of Chennai, India, along the Bay of Bengal, part of the Indian Ocean. The beach runs from near Fort St. George in the north to Besant Nagar in the south, a distance of 13 km, making it the longest natural urban beach in the country and the world’s second longest natural urban beach. The Marina is primarily sandy, unlike the short, rocky formations that make up the Juhu Beach in Mumbai.Bathing and swimming at the Marina Beach are legally prohibited because of the dangers, as the undercurrent is very turbulent. It is the most crowded beach in the country and attracts about 30,000 visitors a day during weekdays and 50,000 visitors a day during the weekends and on holidays. During summer months, about 15,000 to 20,000 people visit the beach daily.
Kapaleeshwarar Temple is a temple of Shiva located in Mylapore, Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The form of Shiva’s wife Parvati worshipped at this temple is called Karpagambal (from Tamil, “Goddess of the Wish-Yielding Tree”). The temple was built around the 7th century CE in Dravidian architecture.The temple has numerous shrines, with those of Kapaleeswarar and Karpagambal being the most prominent. The temple complex houses many halls. The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 5:30 a.m. to 10 p.m., and four yearly festivals on its calendar.
Fort St. George
St. George Fort, located on the banks of Bay of Bengal, was built by the British East India Company in 1640 AD. The fort is believed to be the first establishment of the British in India. The military architecture marvel, it was erected as a trading post.
The fort now houses the legislative assembly and Tamil Nadu Government’s administrative buildings.
Victory War Memorial
The Victory War Memorial is situated on the Beach Road near island ground at the beginning of Marina Beach. It was built to honour the memory of soldiers who died during the two world wars. The Victory War Memorial was initially constructed to celebrate the victory of allied armies during World War I. It later became a War Memorial after World War II in the memory of those from Madras presidency who lost their lives while fighting. Aalso known as Cupids Bow, marble rock and a circular structure have been built here in the memory of soldiers.
Chennai has a tropical wet and dry climate. The city lies on the thermal equator and is also on the coast, which prevents extreme variation in seasonal temperature. The hottest part of the year is late May to early June, known regionally as Agni Nakshatram (“fire star”) or as Kathiri Veyyil,with maximum temperatures around 35–40 °C (95–104 °F). The coolest part of the year is January, with minimum temperatures around 19–25 °C (66–77 °F). The lowest recorded temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on 11 December 1895 and 29 January 1905.The highest recorded temperature was 45 °C (113 °F) on 31 May 2003.The average annual rainfall is about 140 cm (55 in).
CLIMATE IN CHENNAI
Summer Season In Chennai
Summer season begins in the month of March and continues till May. Summers are really hot and humid with maximum temperature going to 40°C.
Monsoon Season In Chennai
The months from June to August receive heavy rain falls and strong winds.
Winter Season In Chennai
Winter season begins in the month of December and continues till February. The average temperature during this season is around 18°C. Chennai is often hit by cyclones from Bay of Bengal in the months of November and December.