Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal, formerly known as Calcutta. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly river, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India’s oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. North Kolkata is the oldest part of the city. Characterized by 19th-century architecture, dilapidated buildings, overpopulated slums, crowded bazaars and narrow alleyways while Central Kolkata hosts the central business district.
Calcutta, the city of joy was established in the year 1686, as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. It was during those times that European powers were heading their way towards capturing the small villages of Sutanati, Govindpur, and Kalikata. Calcutta derived its name from the last of the village settlements of kalikata.
The city kept progressing until 1756, when Siraj-Ud-Daula (Nawab of Bengal) attacked and succeeded in driving the British away from the town. It was during that time that most of the British civilians had escaped, but a few of them were captured and imprisoned in a suffocating room. This incident has become a history in itself and was given the name ‘Black hole tragedy’. In 1757, the following year, Battle of Plassey took place, in which Robert Clive took over the city by defeating the Nawab.The end of battle witnessed the establishment of Supreme Court in 1774, making Calcutta as the base of justice. Battle of Plassey saw the drain of wealth, which strained the Bengal’s economy. The period between 1820 and 1930 saw the growing of seeds of nationalism that reached its height in 1905, when people stood against Lord Curzon’s plan regarding the partition of Bengal. Rabindranath Tagore led the nationalist anti partition movements. The Partition was repealed in 1911, followed by the shifting of capital of India from Calcutta to New Delhi. In 2001, Calcutta was officially renamed Kolkata.
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The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building in Kolkata which was built between 1906 and 1921. It is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria and is now a museum and tourist destination under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture. The Memorial lies on the ground by the bank of the Hooghly River, near Jawaharlal Nehru road.
The Indian Museum is the largest and oldest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings. It was founded by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata, India, in 1814. The founder curator was Dr Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist.It has six sections comprising thirty five galleries of cultural and scientific artifacts namely Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology and Economic Botany.
Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata. The bridge is one of two on the Hooghly River and is a famous symbol of Kolkata and West Bengal.
Marble Palace is a palatial nineteenth-century mansion in North Kolkata. It is located at 46, Muktaram Babu Street, Kolkata. It is one of the best-preserved and most elegant houses of nineteenth-century Calcutta.The mansion is famous for its marble walls and floors, from which its name derives.
Park Street (officially Mother Teresa Sarani and earlier Burial Ground Road), is a famous thoroughfare in the city of Kolkata. The street runs through what was a deer park of Sir Elijah Impey, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in Calcutta from 1773 to 1789, hence the earlier name. Its current official name was given by Kolkata Municipal Corporation in honour of Mother Teresa.
Kolkata is subject to a tropical wet-and-dry climate that is designated.The annual mean temperature is 26.8 °C (80.2 °F); monthly mean temperatures are 19–30 °C (66–86 °F).
Summer –.March to June are hot and humid, with temperatures in the low 30s Celsius.
Winter – December to January, seasonal lows dipping to 9–11 °C (48–52 °F)
Monsoon (Rainy Season) – June to September , Temperature ranges form 30 degree to 35 degrees.
CLIMATE IN KOLKATA
Summer Season In Kolkata
Summers in Kolkata start from March and last till May. The temperature lies between 30 and 40 degrees Celsius and the weather is very hot as well as humid. It is too difficult to bear the scorching heat and hence, it is probably not the best time to visit Kolkata.
Monsoon Season In Kolkata
From June to September is the monsoon season. These monsoon months are blessed with heavy showers and hence, the humidity increases to the maximum. The post monsoon month are very pleasant and is the best time to visit Kolkata.
Winter Season In Kolkata
The city enjoys winter from November to February. The low temperature during this season ranges between 9 and 11 degrees Celsius. It is the best time to visit Kolkata as the weather is cool and pleasant too.