Home to Bollywoof and India’ financial capital , Mumbai (Formerly known as Bombay) is located in Maharashtra and is the biggest metropolis of the state.Mumbai lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2009, Mumbai was named an alpha world city.It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest GDP of any city in South, West, or Central Asia. Mumbai has the highest number of billionaires and millionaires among all cities in India.
The architecture of the city is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. Most of the buildings during the British period, such as the Victoria Terminus and Bombay University, were built in Gothic Revival style.The Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC), established in 1995, formulates special regulations and by-laws to assist in the conservation of the city’s heritage structures. Mumbai has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Elephanta Caves.
Mumbai’s culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music, and theatres. The city offers a cosmopolitan and diverse lifestyle with a variety of food, entertainment, and night life, available in a form and abundance comparable to that in other world capitals.
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Gateway of India
The defining monument of Colaba, the district at the far southern tip of the peninsula where most foreign touris congregate, is the grandiloquent Gateway of India.A triumphant arch built to commemorate the visit og Britain’s George V and Queen Mary for the Delhi Durbar in 1911,it is now – some-what ironically – better remembered as the place where the last detachement of British trrops marched to their waiting ships in 1947,marking the official end of imperial rule.
Marine Drive is a stretch of 3 km in South Mumbai, from Nariman Point to the end of the Malabar Hill. It is in the form of an inverted ‘C’, with a metal six lanes road running along the coast of Arabian Sea. It is popularly known as the ‘Queen’s Necklace’, because during the night the street lights shine like diamonds from a higher elevation. The Chowpatty Beach lies on the northern fringe of Marine Drive. Promenade is the main attraction of Marine Drive, which is officially called the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Road. Sunset view over arabian sea from Marine drive is truly magnificent.
While the city of Mumbai itself has no ancient monuments,an hour’s ride away by motor launch from the Gateway of India is the island of Elephanta, site of a magnificient series of rock-cut cave temples with large, sculptured interiors, excavated in the 7th and 8th centuries.’Elephanta’ was the name given to the island by its Portuguese
Haji Ali Dargah is a mosque in Mumbai built in the middle of the sea with a constricted path leading to the dargah. It is the tomb of Saint Haji Ali. The white mosque is located 500 yards into the sea and can be accessed only during the low tide.Two legends are popular regarding Haji Ali Dargah. According to the first legend Haji Ali, was a rich businessman who renounced the worldly pleasures after his visit to Mecca and was then engrossed in meditation. While the other suggests that Haji Ali went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and died there but his casket miraculously drifted back to the shores of Mumbai.
Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus
Formely Victoria Terminus , the station remains one of the country’s best loved landmarks, in spite of its imperial past and more recent association of bloddy terror attacks of 2008,when 50 people were gunned down on its main concourse.
The film city is located far from the hustle bustle of the main city life, in the outskirts of the Mumbai at Goregaon. The place is easily accessible by road. It was built in the year 1911. The present day Film City may be said to be a “dream project” of the famous film personality, Dada Saheb Phalke. The Film City began its journey by producing the first “silent” film. Today the film city is equipped with all the necessary technical instruments needed to produce a successful feature film.
The Film City of Mumbai is only second of its kind in the world. The Film City is designed on the lines of the Film City of California, U.S.A. The film city provides one with a clear idea of how films are made in our country.
Asia’s largest slum, Dharavi, lies in the heart of India’s financial capital, Mumbai (Bombay). Dharavi is located between Mumbai’s 2 main suburban rail lines, most people find it useful for work, it is located 12km south-east of Juhu. Dharavi has a population of more than 600,000 people residing in 100,000 makeshift homes, and one of the world’s highest population densities at more than 12,000 persons per acre.It is home to more than a million people. Many are second-generation residents, whose parents moved in years ago. Today’s Dharavi bears no resemblance to the fishing village it once was. A city within a city, it is one unending stretch of narrow dirty lanes, open sewers and cramped huts.
Mumbai has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification, with seven months of dryness and peak of rains in July. The cooler season from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to June. The period from June to about the end of September constitutes the south-west monsoon season, and October and November form the post-monsoon season.
CLIMATE IN MUMBAI
Summer Season In Mumbai
Summer lasts from the month of March to May during which the maximum temperature reaches up to 40°. Tourists mostly avoid visiting Mumbai during summers, because of hot weather.
Monsoon Season In Mumbai
Monsoon in Mumbai starts from June and lasts till September. This weather is accompanied by heavy rainfall making Mumbai look greener, increasing the level of humidity at the same time. People avoid visiting the city this season as it becomes somewhat difficult due to rains.
Winter Season In Mumbai
Winters in Mumbai start from the month of November and ends in February. The winters are characterized here with low temperature, dry and cool atmosphere. Temperature reaches a minimum of 10° C. Tourists are recommended to visit Mumbai in this season as it is the perfect time for sightseeing.