One of the oldest living cities in the world and arguably the most intense , atmospheric place in the whole of India.Varanasi – Land of Moksha also knowns as Kashi or Banares is situated near the most sacred stretches of Ganges, in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Hindus believe that to die here on the banks of the holy river is to achieve moksha, liberation from the cycle of life and death, and a regular sight in the twisting alleyways of the old city is that of a muslin-wrapped body being carried to the cremation ghats on the riverbank. Perhaps nowhere else in India can offer the visitor such an explicit crash course in the tenets of te Hindu faith.
Varanasi grew as an important industrial centre, famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. Buddha is believed to have founded Buddhism here around 528 BC when he gave his first sermon, “The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma”, at nearby Sarnath.
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It is in the heart of this city that there stands in its fullest majesty the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in which is enshrined the Jyotirlinga of Shiva, Vishweshwara or Vishwanatha. The Temple in the present shape was built way back in 1780 by Late Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore.Here gravitate the teeming millions of India to seek benediction and spiritual peace by the darshan of this Jyotirlinga which confers liberation from the bondages of maya and the inexorable entanglements of the world. ASRI KASHI VISHWA NATH TEMPLE simple glimpse of the Jyotirlinga is a soul-cleansing experience that transforms life and puts it on the path of knowledge and bhakti. Vishweshwara Jyotirlinga has a very special and unique significance in the spiritual history of India. Tradition has it that the merits earned by the darshan of other jyotirlinga scattered in various parts of India accrue to devotee by a single visit to Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Deeply and intimately implanted in the Hindu mind, the Kashi Vishwanath Temple has been a living embodinent of India’s timeless cultural traditions and highest spiritual values.
Jantar Mantar is an observatory constructed by Jai Singh, the Maharaja of Jaipurin 1737. His passion towards science and technology and astronmony led to the establishment of this huge building.The Building was constructed with the aim of measuring the local time and altitude, the declination of Sun, stars and planets and to determine eclipses. The site is renowned for its multiple structures that have their specialised function for astronomical measurements.Many Yantras are associated within the structure for offering accurate measurments on astronomy. Disha Yantra, Dhruva Yantra, Digansha Yantra, Krantivritta Yantra,Prakash Yantra, Ram Yantra and Samrat Yantra being the prominent Yantras are still used for various calculations.
This imperial and beautiful Fort was built by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 17th century; it is located at the opposite bank of the holy Ganges River and is about 14 km from the city Varanasi. Being made in medieval period by Maharaja Balwant Singh, it attracts many tourist and domestic Visitors everyday. Then it was the residence of the royal king of Benaras, who also known as Maharaja of Kashi. Still this fort continues as the residential palace of the royal family members as currently Maharaja Anant Narayan Singh resident here.
The Ramnagar Fort is built with the creamy chunar red sandstone; the architecture of this fort is match to the Mughal style which they were using to make carved balconies, open courtyards, and picturesque pavilions. There are plenty of things to see inside the temple as it had a temple and a museum within the grounds and the temple is dedicated to Ved Vyasa, a legend, who wrote Mahabharata, the great Indian epic. Legends have it that Ved Vyasa stayed here for a brief period. Being a fascinating location at the Bank of holy Ganges it has become famous spot for shooting, there were many short films and documentaries as well as movies have shot, Chokher Bali is one of the popular movie shot here.
One of the most holiest spots of Varanasi are Ghats of Ganga . There are around hundreds of Ghats alongside of riverbank. Most of the ghats are bathing ghats, while others are used as cremation sites also called as’Burning Ghats’.The main one is Manikarnika: you’ll often see funeral processions threading their way through the backstreets to this ghat. Dasaswamedh Ghat, Manikarnika Ghat, Harischandra Ghat, Kabir Ghat and Assi Ghat are most popular Ghats at Varanasi.
The best time to visit the ghats is at dawn when the river is bathed in a mellow light as pilgrims come to perform puja to the rising sun, and at sunset when the main ganga aarti (river worship ceremony) takes place at Dashashwamedh Ghat.
Varanasi is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh dating to the 11th century B.C.E. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India, the city draws pilgrims who bathe in the River Ganges’ sacred waters and perform funeral rites. Along its winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the “Golden Temple,” dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.
Summer –.February to June ,Temperature ranges from 20 degress to 35 degrees Celsius.
Winter – October to January, Temperature – 15degree to 20 degree – Best time to Visit.
Monsoon (Rainy Season) – July to September , Temperature ranges form 25 degree to 35 degrees
CLIMATE IN VARANASI
Summer Season In Varanasi
From April to June is the summer season in the city. The temperature ranges between 32 and 46 degrees Celsius. At times Varanasi gets monsoon showers during this period. Since the weather is too hot, it is not the best time to visit Varanasi
Monsoon Season In Varanasi
July to September is the monsoon season. The city receives close to the national average in rainfall in the season. People often come here in the city for religious purpose.
Winter Season In Varanasi
Winter season starts from November and lasts till March. The city becomes very cool during this period and the temperature even comes down to five degrees Celsius. Cold wind coming from the Himalayan region makes the environment even colder. This is definitely the best time to visit Varanasi.